Leaves: Opposite, simple, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, pointed at the tip, rounded at the base, with 3 main veins, coarsely toothed, smooth, up to 3 inches long.

  • Flowers: Many tiny flowers crowded into slender spikes borne from the axils of the leaves, the male flowers usually on separate plants from the female flowers, each flower greenish white, about 1/12 inches long.

  • Sepals: 4, united.

  • Petals: 0.

  • Stamens: 4.

  • Pistils: Ovary superior.

  • Fruits: Achenes ovoid, narrowly winged, up to 1/10 inch long.

close look at the small flower clusters